Free Essay on Hypertension

Free example essay on Hypertension:

Hypertension is a very common condition. It affects up to ten percent of adult Americans. Hypertension is nicknamed “The Silent Killer.” Hypertension is a disease, especially of the arteries, resulting from or characterized by abnormally high blood pressure. Factors associated with hypertension are age, family history, and race. Older people are more likely to get it and blacks or more likely to get it than whites.

If high blood pressure is left untreated it increases the risk of stroke and other disorders. During one beat, pressure varies between systolic and the diastolic pressures. The systolic pressure is the maximum pressure attained as blood surges into the arteries. The diastolic pressure is the lowest value to which the pressure drops.

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There are not but a few symptoms for hypertension. That is why it was called “The Silent Killer.” But some are stroke, heart failure, kidney damage, mild headaches, and dizziness. A severe case can cause confusion and seizures. Mild high blood pressure may respond to weight reduction and a reduction in personal stress. Factors such as nicotine in tobacco cause artery constriction and a short-term in blood pressure that may worsen hypertension.

High blood pressure is linked to obesity and to people who eat a lot of salt. Hypertension sometimes develops in women who are taking birth control pills. Smoking and the drinking of alcohol also aggravate the effects of high blood pressure. Stress acts on the nervous system, causing blood vessels to constrict and the heart to work harder. Both lead to a temporary rise in blood pressure. The things that equal stress are worry, frustration, and disappointment.

A majority of people have no obvious cause for there elevated blood pressure, in such cases it is called essential hypertension. In about ten percent of patients a definite cause can be found such as kidney failure, pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives, and disorder of the adrenal glands. Usually by the time people feel it necessary to see a doctor, their blood pressure is high indeed. Blood pressure problems affect many people and are a major cause of ill health. Blood pressure is measured when the person is relaxed. In severe cases admission to the hospital for investigation of the cause, emergency treatment, and bed rest are all required.

Some self help and treatment are regular screening of blood pressure which is important for early diagnosis and can help prevent complications. Sufferers from high blood pressure should reduce weight, not smoke, reduce or stop alcohol intake, reduce salt intake, and learn relaxation methods to combat stress. You can be tested quickly and easily at the doctor’s office. If treated chance of stroke and heart attack are both lowered considerably.

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