Free Defense Mechanisms research paper:
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According to Freudian psychoanalytic theory, defense mechanisms are a central ego functions that are created to cope with reality and to maintain a satisfactory self-image.
Sigmund Freud, Anna Freud, and Melanie Klein were pioneers in the field, which attracted great interest of all later generations who have studied the human mind and brain.
Healthy people tend to use defense as humor, sublimation, and altruism while deformation, repression, and reaction formation are examples of defense mechanisms designed to keep fearful thoughts, feelings, memories, desires, or fears outside the mind. A defense mechanism can only present danger to health when, intensively used, it leads to disorders in mental or physical condition of the individual.
This is about defending the psychotic level and denial level, such as omnipotence, projection, denial, rationalization, or autistic fantasies, and the defense mechanisms from highly aggressive and apathy up to delusions and reality distortion in psychotic level.
Defense mechanisms are intended to protect one’s mind from anxiety, social sanctions or to provide a refuge from a situation that the individual is unable to cope with.
All people make use of psychological defense mechanisms when internal or external pressures become too great. When the pressure becomes difficult to manage and we do not openly able to encounter the feeling or circumstance we face, there is the unconscious defenses there to protect us. This occurs automatically and allows us to feel or take in more than we can handle at the moment. At high functional defense, we have free access to current feelings and impulses as well as the results of the defenses. At the lowest primitive level, however, the impact of emotions and thoughts is completely blocked. Givng this, much lower level of protection is occasionally useful, but poses problems if they persist. An occasional strong fear that we understand what it depends on is sound, while prolonged anxiety problems that we do not understand is often a cause of a disease state. Different people use different types of defense, and it varies between individuals in terms of how many different defense mechanisms they have at their disposal. Having only a few defenses that are able to protect you in any situation is not functional. The various psychological defense mechanisms can be listed from highly functional down to very primitive ones.
The more primitive defense mechanisms interested among others, Melanie Klein. She studied such as projection and projective identification, especially when they came to dominate among the set of defense mechanisms an individual had at his disposal. To the primitive she counted even denial of the mental or physical reality, and so-called splitting or fission of the image one has of oneself or the other – such as exclusively good or purely evil – instead of being without anxiety reactions or similar able to see different sides of the person being complementary to each other.
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