Research Paper on Ritalin

Ritalin (methylphenidate) is a central nervous system stimulant. Ritalin is used to treat people with (ADHD/ADD). The drug is also used to treat people with severe brain injuries, severe Asperger’s syndrome, narcolepsy, in chronic fatigue syndrome, and in severe depression that has proved resistant to antidepressants.

Methylphenidate – the main component of Ritalin – is an amphetamine-like substance, because pure amphetamines are not approved as drugs. The prescription of drugs containing methylphenidate has increased in recent years. According to a press release from the National Board October 29, 2012 increased prescribing of preparations was indicated primarily for adults and also often in conjunction with other narcotic drugs, which according to the Board’s investigator Peter Salmi is remarkable. The drug is not approved for adults but may still be prescribed to adults through so-called off-label prescribing, which means that the prescriber may print a preparation for an ailment or a group of people to which the drug is not approved.

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Methylphenidate is a drug classified and included in Schedule P II in 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances.

In 1954, Ciba Company registered the drug patents on methylphenidate hydrochloride as a drug for treating depression, chronic fatigue, narcolepsy, and other disorders. In the early 60s, it was recognized that methylphenidate had a positive effect on children with ADHD was then known as hyperactivity or “minimal brain dysfunction” (MBD). In 1996, together with Sandoz Ciba proposed to form what is now called Novartis. Novartis sells today methylphenidate hydrochloride in the form of Ritalin.

Methylphenidate hydrochloride is a central nervous system stimulant drugs whose effect is thought to be primarily dopaminergic. It reduces impulsive behavior and has a psychological calming effect on patients with ADHD and ADD. According to research, methylphenidate helps such patients easier to concentrate on their school or work, and therefore is used as medication for ADHD or ADD. The explanation for this is an increase in the level of consciousness, so that the concentration will be easier to maintain.

Methylphenidate is addictive if abused, but not in the doses prescribed by doctors for the treatment of ADHD or ADD. Unlike antidepressants and benzodiazepines is no risk of addiction and therefore there is no need for de-escalation before you stop taking the medicine.

The side effects of Ritalin are that individual users can react differently to the various methylphenidate preparations. The difference is mainly explained by the different release curves, but also how the side effects are recorded and how long and extensive preparations are used.

Common side effects include headache, nervousness, insomnia, dry mouth, heart palpitations, mood swings, and anxiety. The side effects are often transient, especially the most common. Clenching and grinding the teeth are usually the most common sign that Ritalin dose is too high.

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