E-Cigarette Research Paper:
The electronic cigarette or e-cigarette is an electromechanical or electronic device generating an aerosol to be inhaled. This aerosol visually resembles the smoke produced by burning tobacco. It can be flavored and may or may not contain nicotine. Unlike the smoke from a traditional cigarette, the vapor does not smell tobacco and, according to the first scientific studies, contains quantities of carcinogenic particles or toxic substances much smaller than tobacco. It is sometimes presented as a less harmful alternative to smoking or as a substitute for smoking cessation. Its use is still controversial.
The concept of an electronic cigarette was prepared by Herbert A. Gilbert in 1963 with a patent filed in 1965 with the diagram of an electronic cigarette “replacing tobacco and the paper by heated and flavored air.” Gilbert was approached by companies wishing to manufacture the product, but his invention was never marketed.
The first device released, intended to simulate the use of a real cigarette was created in 2003 by Hon Lik, a pharmacist and former Chinese engineer who filed a patent in 2005 for a “none-smoke cigarette with electronic spraying mechanism.” However, the first device exploited the so-called “ultra- sonic” technology. Hon Lik was then associated with the Golden Dragon Holdings company to market its electronic cigarette in China in 2004. In a second step, the Golden Dragon Holdings changed the company name to Ruyan (如烟), which means “like smoke” in Chinese.
The technology of heater vaporization, the most common for electronic cigarettes in 2013, was invented and patented by Chinese David Yunqiang Xiu (修 运 强) with his Electronic Nicotine Delivery System (ENDS) around 2009.
Electronic cigarettes are mostly manufactured in China in various factories in the cities of Shenzhen and Hong Kong. Dealers worldwide choose their products through intermediaries on site and are ready to deliver the kits, or purchase the various elements and make the packaging kits themselves. There are also models developed and manufactured in small series in Europe and America.
The device is commonly referred to as “electronic cigarette” or “e-cigarette” or “e -cig” because it recalls the shape and the use of real cigarette and smoke. The term “electronic” or “e-” was invented in 2005 for devices that did not include electronic elements or microprocessor at the time. At the end of 2013, most electronic devices are of a complexity from simple protection mechanisms to sophisticated models with variable voltage and / or power puff count, screen, etc.
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