Eugenics research paper will give some ideas on the issue, so you can decide if the issue suits you as a topic for your research proposal.
Racial hygiene or eugenics (Greek: eugenes, good race or birth) is the science of improving human hereditary traits through selective breeding. The movement emerged in social Darwinism wake, although Charles Darwin distanced himself from what he believed was an incorrect interpretation of his theory of evolution. His cousin, Sir Francis Galton, claimed to have coined the term. Eugenics was influential in Western countries, including Europe, especially during the first half of the 1900s.
Positive eugenics promotes the reproduction of individuals with alleged desirable inherited traits, while negative eugenics seeks to opt out of predisposition that is considered bad. The words “positive” and “negative” thus aims at the method used and not the desired result. Continue reading
Quality of Life research proposal:
Quality of life is the indicator of the satisfaction of the basic and secondary needs of an individual in the country. The indicator of the quality of life reflects the economic condition of the country objectively, because if the country is developed and has high rates of production, the financial situation of an average citizen is favorable. The problem of quality of life has always been relevant, because everyone wants to live in the appropriate healthy conditions and have the opportunity to satisfy himself with the basic physical, spiritual, cultural, and other needs. It is obvious that the indicator of the quality of life is a controversial issue, which has two approaches: objective and subjective ones. The objective approach defines the real factors, resources and products of the material and spiritual value for the normal life of an individual. If the physical and spiritual needs are satisfied, if the person has the chance for her own development, education, etc, the quality of life is positive. From the point of view of the subjective approach, quality of life depends on the personal ambitions, dreams and desires on an individual. Continue reading
Prenatal development is the process through which the fetus develops from conception to become a complete organism.
When fertilization took place a zygote is formed about 12 hours after the cell has been divided first. After a number of cell divisions a ball of cells called morula is formed, which then develops into a blastula.
Already in the first days cells divide differently and for different cleavage patterns, some do it quickly to become a placenta and other not as fast for an embryo. Then blastula becomes a round disc with two layers form a group of cells with a growth center between the layers. From this center, a cell sent string out right over the plate. The embryo gets a spine string or prospective spine. The skin above the hardens and fold into a ditch, a nerve ditch. Continue reading
Family Violence Term Paper:
Family violence is the physical and psychological abuse of the members of the family.
Family violence is one of the most widespread forms of violence, because everything starts from family. Generally, family violence is the result of numerous negative factors, which influence the human behaviour negatively. First of all, family violence is caused under the effect of alcohol and drugs.
When the family member is drunk, he starts to act inadequately and causes harm to other members: wife, children and other relatives. It is obvious that such behaviour must not be tolerated by anyone, but very often the police do not pay attention to the calls connected with the family violence thinking that it is not violence but a simple quarrel. In addition, family violence is the result of the stereotypic attitude towards women and children. Many people still believe that the male gender is the primary one and the husband of the family is its leader and decision maker. Continue reading
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a mental disorder that is characterized by strong and season dependent fluctuations in mood. Most common is a shift between depressive symptoms on the autumn/winter (winter depression), and remission or even manic behavior of the spring/summer.
Seasonal Affective Disorder is a depression that occurs regularly over a given season (usually autumn/winter). Equally regularly, the symptoms disappear completely. Common symptoms of the depressive phase are
- a melancholic mood;
- increased need for sleep;
- impaired social, physical and/or sexual activity;
- modified (usually increased) appetite with changed eating behavior (sugar needed) and weight gain;
- premenstrual tension;
- concentration difficulties
- or often a combination of these.
Color therapy is referred to the treatments in which the effect of color on the human psyche is used. This will be achieved by the room color scheme and through the use of colored light.
Different approaches in art therapy, and the anthroposophic art therapy, are attributable to the creative activity itself and the immediate effect of color without being, however, explicitly referred to as color therapy.
There are now first quantitative studies on effects of light therapy for specific diseases. In addition, no scientific studies are known, on which the various theoretical approaches could be based on color therapy.
The light therapy, such as the use of infrared light and phototherapy using ultraviolet light, which is a treatment option for example in children with neonatal jaundice, must be distinguished from the color therapy. The effect of infrared light or UV light is not based on color. Continue reading
Cognitive therapy is a form of psychotherapy that was established during the 1960s and which concentrates on illustrating how a patient more or less unconscious awareness mechanisms affect his thoughts and feelings.
The cognitive therapy took shape in the 1960s by the American psychiatry professor and psychoanalyst Aaron T. Beck. By observing how depressed patients think, he discovered common traits in the form of automatic thoughts of a negative nature and systematic misinterpretation of reality. This insight forms the basis of the therapy. Inspired by philosophers such as Socrates, Immanuel Kant, and Seneca, as well as by psychologists like Jean Piaget and Abraham Maslow, it developed in Beck’s theory of how we are affected by our thoughts. His cognitive therapy became a scientific breakthrough in 1977 when a study showed that in some cases it worked better than antidepressants. Continue reading
Facebook Addiction Term Paper:
Facebook addiction is the process which is characterized with the enormous quantities of time spent in Facebook and treatment of Facebook like the integral part of one’s life.
Facebook is the world famous social network which has conquered the Internet. The network was designed to connected people from different countries of the world and enable people communicate, share information, spend virtual time entertaining one another and learning something new about the cultures of different countries. Facebook is not only the source of making friends and entertainment but the source of useful information about everything (sports, art, music, science, etc). Finally, Facebook is the means of marketing and the social network is widely used to advertise goods and services all over the world for free. In spite of numerous advantages Facebook has many negative sides and addiction is the most important among them. Young people are extremely vulnerable towards the effects of Facebook on their life. Children spend too much time in the social network making useless friends, chatting and looking for the unworthy information. Continue reading
The Space Race means the competition between the United States and the Soviet Union in the astronautics field between 1957 and 1975. This peaceful struggle started with the first artificial satellites, and the first human spaceflight, sending space probes to explore the planets closest to the Earth and culminated with sending astronauts to the Moon.
The space race was a manifestation of the Cold War, which the two superpowers started from the end of the Second World War and was first manifested in the arms race with the development of the first atomic bombs, long-range bombers, and missiles capable of carrying nuclear weapons. The space race started when the Soviets successfully launched the first artificial satellite Sputnik 1 October 4, 1957 and thus questioned the technological superiority of the United States. The global impact of this first space launch caused a very rapid reaction of the United States that invested heavily to catch up the USSR in the field of astronautics. Continue reading
Antisocial personality disorder is characterized by a fundamental lack of respect for the rights of others, lack of ability to feel guilt and of not caring about social norms. People with this disorder are often involved in criminal activities. Psychopathy is often perceived as a grave variant of antisocial personality disorder.
People with antisocial personality disorder show a lack of remorse or empathy. This is shown in indifference to having hurt, stolen from, or betrayed someone. They are also often very manipulative and impulsive.
The disorder is much more common in men than in women. A review of 1993 by the American writer Patricia B. Sutker said that 3% of the male population could be diagnosed with the disorder, but less than 1% of the female population.
A personality disorder can only be diagnosed on an adult (over 18 years old), but the diagnosis is strongly associated with an earlier conduct disorder. Continue reading