Depression among Students Essay

Depression is amongst the major mental illnesses in the world. The ailment is equally a prevalent and widespread issue among university students. Students endure critical transitory periods in higher education centers, transforming from adolescents to adults., and the changes can be stressful for some individuals. Some of the challenges that students encounter include the need to maintain high grades, conform with peers, plan for the future, and adapt to life away from home – often, some of these problems lead to anxiety and depression. As a result of these stresses, affected individuals often cry, skip classes, or isolate themselves without even knowing that they are depressed. Important to realize, unhappiness among university students has been identified as a global risk-behavior with the probability of it increasing over the years being highly likely (Telgote & Jadhao, 2017). The average age of higher institution learners facing depression at its onset stage is low, making it a salient problem for the university students, especially due to the fact that the implications may include increased suicides, mass murders, substance abuse, vandalism, and poor grades.

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Literature Review
Unhappiness among university students is a worldwide threat affecting developed and non-developed communities. During their academic life, young adults encounter multiple contradictions and obligations to become successful. Ibrahim, Kelly, Adams, and Glazebrook (2013) identify high occurrences of mental health issues among university and college students compared to the rest of the population. Notably, the study’s evidence indicates that the rate of psychological and mental issues among scholars is increasing, with despair being one of the most prevalent. Moreover, Ibrahim et al. (2013) determined that depression accounted for 39% of the scholar’s problems. Overall, college students encounter almost similar challenges in higher learning institutions globally, contributing to increased rates of unhappiness.

Depression usually occurs more often among undergraduates. According to Ibrahim et al. (2013), a majority of students lack the mental ability to handle some of the challenges they face at school. For instance, a study of university academics in Turkey indicated that the rate of despair varied from 10 to 40%. Additionally, college students had higher levels of depressive symptoms compared to the non-students. A systematic review of the rate of melancholy among Canadian and American medical pupils reported there to be a higher rate of depression in student population compared to the general public (Telgote & Jadhao, 2017). This difference resulted from a high cost of loans, academic pressures, inability to make new friends, cultural and language barriers (for foreign learners), and bullying despite the students not paying certain expenditures, including taxes, alimonies, family care, and pensions. Altogether, there is a need to closely monitor students because of the high occurrences of unhappiness among their peer groups.

Depression can have negative effects on the students’ performances at school. Telgote and Jadhao (2017) observed that learners suffering from unhappiness recorded poor academic grades compared to those who do not show any symptoms of melancholy. Theoretical tasks have been found to cause a high risk for mental health issues. According to Muller (2016), students with poor educational achievements showed relatively greater depressive symptoms compared to those who had higher levels of academic accomplishments. Learners are most likely to be in unhappy moods or develop psychological issues if they fail to achieve their goals and ambitions (Ibrahim et al., 2013). Because of this, poor academic success is regarded as one of the leading causes of depression among undergraduates.

The study will investigate multiple participants including students, tutors, and non-academic staff. The investigation will incorporate fifty learners of both genders (twenty-five males and twenty-five females) from different age groups, ranging from eighteen to thirty years. For the educators, the research will include forty tutors (equal proportions of women to men) who have taught for an average of thirty-five years and more. For the non-academic staff, the study will interview twenty individuals randomly who have worked at higher learning institutions for seven years and more. The investigation will use direct interviews, anonymous surveys, online questionnaires, and data from published sources, such as journals, reports, and books. The collected data will be analysed using statistical tools including SPSS and MS Excel. Ultimately, the techniques will allow to present detailed analyses of the correlations between unhappiness and life at higher learning institutions.

The occurrence of depression among university students is an ongoing concern, requiring immediate intervention. Noteworthy, the rate of unhappiness in students is higher compared to the older population that graduated from the universities. Recent research also suggests that unhappiness is much greater amongst academicians. The major causes of depression among students are because of complex interactions between psychological, physiological, social, and developmental factors. These determinants include the rising cost of education loans, bullying, failure to familiarize with peers, the need for good grades, and loneliness. The increasing depression rates raise a need for monitoring students regularly through counseling and therapy programs. Nonetheless, the ongoing investigations regarding melancholy among university learners should consider recent contributors of the ailment, such as ADHD and Internet addiction.

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Ibrahim, A. K., Kelly, S. J., Adams, C. E., & Glazebrook, C. (2013). A systematic review of studies of depression prevalence in university students. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 47(3), 391-400. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2012.11.015
Muller, P. A. (2016). The effects of adversity on depression among university students. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 6(2). doi:10.5901/jesr.2016.v6n2p53
Telgote, S., & Jadhao, A. (2017). Depression, anxiety and stress among government nursing college students in Akola: A college-based study. Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences, 6(90), 6297-6300. doi:10.14260/jemds/2017/1369