Chinese Exclusion Act (1882-1943) is an act by the Congress of the United States, published May 6, 1882, in response to the massive immigration of Chinese to the West of the country. The first and only official act in the history of the United States, directed against members of particular nationality (other discriminatory laws adopted in the country concerned the races as a whole). The law banned all Chinese immigration and/or naturalization of Chinese migrants already living in the United States. Originally, the law was to extend to 10 years, but in its general terms, not taking into account the less significant Magnuson quota in 1943, it lasted until 1965.
Use free sample research paper on Chinese Exclusion Act to learn that the first Chinese immigrant appeared in the United States in the 1840’s, immediately after the capture of Mexico former Northern Territories, which began the California gold rush in 1848. While there has been plenty of gold, Chinese people living in Chinatown, were tolerated, but when its stocks ran low, the tolerance began to evaporate. The situation was helped by only a relatively small pool of both Chinese and white immigrants.
In the 60’s, the Chinese coolie workers were hired by the United States railway companies.
In particular, in the second half of the 19th century, there was a particularly intensive influx of contract workers from China and some other Asian countries (mainly Japan and Korea). By 1880, more than 200 thousand Chinese immigrants settled in California, amounting to almost 10% of its population. In just 10 years, between 1871 and 1880, 123 201 Chinese migrants arrived in the country, and between 1881 and 1890 — 61711 migrants. The competition on the labor market grew stronger and wages fell. In addition, Chinese migrant, clearly dominated by men, began to be suspected in the excessive attention paid to white women, while sexual contact with the black, Latino, and Indian females were not prohibited to them. When the proportion of European immigrants of German origin had fallen below 50%, the most rigid limitations were imposed: May 6, 1882, the US Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act, which in its original form banned for 10 years all Chinese immigration and naturalization of the Chinese, who have been residents, that is, permanent residents of the United States.
Despite the fact that the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 suspended the immigration for ten years, in the West of the United States were already around 200 thousand workers from China who came there before this ruling. Some of them have already managed to get offspring. The fear of the so-called yellow peril and a rapidly growing number of Chinese have been continuing skirmishes on racial, ethnic or linguistic grounds. Not the last role in this played a compact settlement of Chinese with their food specific and their unusual appearance for Europeans.
September 2, 1885, Wyoming area was notorious not only for the consistent harassment of Indians, but a bloody Massacre of Chinese by the whites in Rock Springs, which occurred because of the intense competition between the two groups on narrowly specialized labor market.
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