Physical disability is the disability type that is directly connected neuromotor, orthopedic, pulmonary and cardiovascular disorders. Children with such limitations can have either neuromotor or orthopedic impairment. Orthopedic impairments include problems with skeleton system. Neuromotor disabilities, in their turn, include problems with the central nervous system.
Health impairments influence the performance of a child very much. His school behavior and performance are different from those of the healthy child. Such child can be less attentive, easily distracted, do not able to do particular tasks, get tires very quickly, have limited alertness. Health problems that influence the performance of a child involve heart problems, nephritis, asthma, hemophilia, epilepsy, lead poisoning, leukemia, diabetes, rheumatic fever, tuberculosis, cancer, cystic fibrosis, etc. ADHD is categorized as other health impairment disorder. A child with ADHD is often not attentive enough, not listening, have troubles playing quietly, talk too much, is in the constant motion, have concentration troubles.
As a result, physical disabilities, health impairments and ADHD affect education performance of children, but not all of them require special education treatment.
Cerebral palsy is a disorder of voluntary posture and movement and is the most popular physical disability in school-age children. It is a permanent condition that results from a lesion to the brain or brain growth abnormality. A child with cerebral palsy experiences voluntary motor function disturbances with extreme weakness, coordination lack, convulsions, and paralysis. Such child is not able to control his or her arms, legs, and often have speech problems.
This video shows that children with cerebral palsy must have the same attitude and hobbies as healthy children.
Spina bifida is the congenital disability caused by the incomplete closure of the embryonic neural tube. Therefore, nerves and spinal cord cannot control muscles the way they should. The most natural form of spina bifida is spina bifida occult when just several vertebrae in the lower spine are deformed. It is impossible to define from the first glance if a child has this disability.
Muscular dystrophy is a genetic disease that weakens muscles that make the body move. A child with muscular dystrophy has missing or incorrect gene information that prevents him from producing proteins he needs for healthy tissues. Such child must continuously be supported as he or her can quickly fall, and then have problems standing up.
Spinal cord injuries are usually outcomes of spinal cord lesion caused by a penetrating injury, vertebrae fracture, spinal cord compression, motor vehicle accidents, acts of violence falls, etc. A child with spinal cord injury usually uses wheelchairs for mobility. Treatment and rehabilitation programs often include physical therapy, utilization of adaptive devices, and what is the most critical – extensive psychological support. Psychological support is required to make such children comfortable about their state, suitable to be in the society and understand that they deserve and should have a healthy life.
Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder that is characterized by recurrent seizures that are unprovoked. Seizures occur when the brain is functioning reasonably and results in a change of the level of awareness, movement, and attention. Seizures can be spread or localized. There is a febrile seizure that occurs when children contract illness with fever. There are some other types of seizures, but the most serious one is status epilepticus when the seizure is lasting more than 30 minutes, or there are repeating seizures without return to the normal state between them, also called tonic-clonic seizures.
Diabetes is the chronic metabolism disorder. This disorder is crucial for the well-being of the child, as a child with diabetes cannot obtain enough energy from food, which is essential for his or her regular functioning in school and at home. Diabetes should be treated, as eyes are kidneys are hurt. A child with diabetes at an early stage have constant headaches, experience weight loss, frequent urination, thirst, as well as his or her cuts are healing very slowly.
Asthma is the most spread lung disease in school-age children. A child with asthma should first be carefully observed, as well as his surrounding so that asthma causes and situations are defined. A child’s organism can react negatively to changes in the temperature, season change, level of humidity, rigorous physical activity. Asthma in children is treated medically and through limiting their exposure to situations that provoke asthma attacks.
Cystic fibrosis is the genetic disease of secretory glands. When a child has this condition, he or she has salty skin, good appetite, but weak growth has problems with gaining weight, excess mucus production, etc. Symptoms of the disease also include a chronic cough, recurrent episodes of sinusitis and pneumonia, nasal polyps. This condition is not very spread but is very dangerous. Early screening and in-time treatment are vital.
A child with AIDS is not capable of fighting any diseases because of severe immune system damage. It is not curable. It is caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that can be found in the bodily fluid of the person that is infected (breast milk, blood, semen, vaginal secretions).
The number of infected people is continuously increasing in the world. Children with HIV/AIDS experience significant weight loss, health problems, developmental delays (in language, memory, attention, motor functioning, etc.) Such children and their families often experience discrimination, isolation, and prejudice; therefore school staff is encouraged to facilitate acceptance and social adjustment of children in school.
Children with persistent attention deficit and hyperactivity might have ADHD. It is tough to take care of such a child in school and at home. A child with ADHD is often very impulsive, cannot sit still doing what he or she is assigned and usually has problems communicating other children.
Capuchins monkeys are the best helpers for people with disorders at their houses, as well as outside. It is due to their small size and excellent ability to create significant relationships with people. They can be easily taught and can perform a wide range of tasks. They are raised in individual training centers and trained to play all kinds of functions at the person’s place as well.
In conclusion, I would like to summarize that children with physical disabilities, health impairment, and ADHD require much more attention, love, compassion, and understanding. Besides proper treatment, they need to feel that they are not alone; they have to be supported not just be their parents and relatives, but also by their mates and teachers. They need to understand that the fact that they have real troubles does not make them different from others and they deserve the best life, as we all do.
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