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Eugenics Research Paper

Eugenics research paper will give some ideas on the issue, so you can decide if the issue suits you as a topic for your research proposal.

Racial hygiene or eugenics (Greek: eugenes, good race or birth) is the science of improving human hereditary traits through selective breeding. The movement emerged in social Darwinism wake, although Charles Darwin distanced himself from what he believed was an incorrect interpretation of his theory of evolution. His cousin, Sir Francis Galton, claimed to have coined the term. Eugenics was influential in Western countries, including Europe, especially during the first half of the 1900s.

Positive eugenics promotes the reproduction of individuals with alleged desirable inherited traits, while negative eugenics seeks to opt out of predisposition that is considered bad. The words “positive” and “negative” thus aims at the method used and not the desired result.

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The eugenic movement can be said to have contributed to an intellectual climate, which allowed the atrocities of forced sterilization. Eugenics was never a unified movement, but it has included both pure racists as individuals who advocated moderate measures, and information about the disadvantages of cousin marriage or legalization of contraception. A modern phenomenon known as prenatal diagnosis, which often is followed by abortion in case of serious hereditary diseases, can be classed as eugenics, although the term is now rarely used.

The idea that parents’ genes are important for the offspring is very old, but became popular, when Darwinism became the more topical issue. Francis Galton coined the term in 1883, and described it as the study of heredity mechanisms, and then he was mainly interested in what created a genius. He advocated a purely biological approach. The fairly large crowd of admirers, he usually had, was seen as the eugenic movement’s protagonists, and already in the first decade of the 1900s, his ideas become public property in science.

It was the German physician Alfred Ploetz who introduced the term “racial hygiene” in 1895 in his “Basics of eugenics” (Grundlinien einer Rassenhygiene).

At several universities, eugenic societies have been formed with objectives to study heredity and partly to spread the ideas. Galton’s eugenics usually called “positive eugenics” because he was primarily focused on how to breed geniuses, and he talked about the importance of marrying a genetically suitable person. It is true, however, that he was convinced that there were also negative predisposition, which he also studied, but he did not advocate any effort to ensure that these would spread.

The American Margaret Sanger (1883-1966) was one of the main proponents of the “negative eugenics,” that is, trying to find ways to eliminate “bad genes.” She had set up the American Birth Control League in 1921 and the following decades, she was a known as a model and author within the movement.

Eugenics research paper free sample topics will bring you the understanding of the phenomenon.

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