Ian Lancaster Fleming (1908 – 1965) was an English writer. He was born on May 28, 1908 in London, into a wealthy aristocratic family. His father John, who died in 1914 at the Battle of the Somme, was a friend of Winston Churchill. Fleming was brought up in a privileged Eton College and the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst, and then continued his education at the universities of Munich and Geneva, where he studied German and French. Later he learned Russian language. Fleming prepared himself to be a career diplomat, but not passed the entrance exam at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and under the patronage of his family received in 1939 a position of correspondent in Reuters.
As a special correspondent of the agency in 1933, he was sent to Moscow to cover the trial of the Metropolitan Vickersâ€™ employees accused of espionage and sabotage. In the same year, Fleming accepts the offer to join a partner in the banking and venture and leaves the Reuters news agency. However, five years later, in 1938, Fleming again visited Moscow as a reporter (now with Times) with a trade delegation headed by the Minister of Foreign Trade in the government of Neville Chamberlain.
After the outbreak of the Second World War, Fleming, a conscript, was appointed an assistant of Director of Naval Intelligence, Admiral John Godfrey. He oversees a number of covert operations, manages the release of prisoners of war in Norway, finds the location of the German rockets “Fowler,” provides Allied landing in Italy with intelligence. According to one version, which became known in 1997, Fleming allegedly developed and was himself directly involved in the operation of kidnapping Martin Bormann May 1, 1945. The operation was code named “James Bond.” In 1946, Fleming retired and until 1959 headed the foreign department of the Kemsley newspaper trust.
Fleming became engaged in literary activity quite late, with the novel “Casino Royale” (1953). The protagonist of this novel, and all his subsequent works, bore the name of James Bond. A year later came the second novel of the same character, titled “Live and let others die.” Total Fleming wrote 14 James Bond novels (the most famous among them: Dr. No, Diamonds Are Forever, From Russia with Love, On Her Majesty’s Secret Service, Goldfinger.) Almost all of Fleming’s novels have been filmed and brought glory not only to the writer, but also to a lot of actors.
Ian Fleming free sample research paper topics will teach that the main character, 007, quickly won the love of the public. Clever, charming, tough, and consistently successful in achieving his goals in all Bond novels, James Bond comes as a fabulous hero, a fighter against evil on the side of Good and Justice, representing concepts such as “duty” and “loyalty.” A special appeal to the narrative is attracted, despite convention and some fantastic events and situations, by accuracy of the author’s description of the details of the situation and place of action, and some irony in relation to the hero and himself. Ian Fleming died August 12, 1965 in London.
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