Tulasi is a perennial herb or shrub native to India, which is also grown as an annual plant. The leaves are of green or purple color, short, oblong-ovate, rarely toothed, up to five centimeters long. The stem, leaves, and calyx of the plant are covered with hairs. The flowers are two-lipped, white with a purple tinge, collected in false whorls.
In India, there are two types of tulas?: a dark, called Syama tulas?, or Krishna Tulas? and light one or Rama Tulas?. Syama Tulas? is widely used in medicine and religious worship.
Related to tulas? sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the holy basil, but they can be distinguished in flavor and taste. Tulasi leaves are covered with hairs, while the leaves of sweet basil completely smooth; tulas? does not have a strong flavor of licorice or anise, characteristic to sweet basil, its taste is similar to that of cloves.
For thousands of years Tulasi had been used In Ayurvedic medicine as a basic medicinal plant with high healing power. Tulasi is described in the main text of the Charaka Ayurveda, called “Charaka Samhita,” and is mentioned in the “Rig Veda.” It is believed that Tulas? has adaptogenic qualities that harmonizes bodily functions and helps to overcome stress. Tulasi has a strong aroma, astringent taste, and is considered an “elixir,” having the ability to increase life expectancy.
Medical qualities of Ocimum tenuiflorum are used to treat colds, headaches, stomach diseases, inflammation, various types of poisoning and malaria. For therapeutic purposes, Tulas? is used in different ways: as an herbal tea, as a dried powder, as fresh leaves, or mixed with ghee. Essential oil, extracted from karpura-Tulas?, is used for medical purposes, and in cosmetics. In India, there is also a centuries-old practice, using of which aims to protect the grain from harmful insects. For such an effect it is mixed with the tulas? dried leaves.
To write a good research proposal on the subject, we recommend you to consult free example research paper topics on Ocimum tenuiflorum showing that the tulas? contains a large amount of eugenol (1-hydroxy-2-methoxy-4-allyl-benzene), and therefore has a pain-relieving properties. Tulas? is also useful for the treatment of diabetes because it has the ability to lower blood glucose levels. Studies have also shown that tulas? lowers cholesterol and has beneficial effect on blood glucose levels due to their antioxidant characteristics.
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