Free Essay on Obesity

It seems like people are always looking for a quick and easy way to lose weight. This is because so many people are becoming obese. The definition of obesity is excess fat stored in the body. Being obese means a persons weight is twenty percent or more over the maximum desirable for their height, and being overweight means that a person might be a few pounds over their weight limit. Obesity has increased by about 10-50% in the majority of European countries in the last 10 years. Two to eight percent of the total sick care costs in the Western countries are attributable to obesity. Twenty-five percent of the United States population is overweight!

Obesity is a chronic disease in the sense that it rarely, if ever, truly goes away. Often, medicines used to treat obesity usually do not work. Unfortunately, the difference between the person’s current weight and their “ideal body weight” is continuing to increase. A diet that is limited in calories and increased physical activity are the most important ingredients. A diet that is crucial to weight maintenance is important once the weight has been lost. This requires a commitment to a life style that includes physical activity and healthy eating habits. The first step in the treatment of obesity is estimating the patient’s body fat and his/her potential health risk related to obesity.

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This chronic illness does a lot of wear and tear to the human body. It can put strain on the heart, muscles and joints. Obesity is connected with many health complications. Some of these complications are coronary heart diseases, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, gallbladder, breast, prostate, and colon cancers, as well as stroke. Other obesity associated diseases and conditions include sleep apnea or pulmonary dysfunction, liver diseases, musculoskeletal disease, and reproductive function. Obesity also can lead to osteoarthritis, and there are numerous additional health conditions including carpal tunnel syndrome, deep vein thrombosis, and poor wound healing.

There are many current treatments available for the illness obesity. Surgery is one treatment, but it is very expensive to be done. Only in very extreme cases should surgery such as liposuction or a tummy tuck be considered, because of the fact that these surgeries are very dangerous. For example a high percentage of people who have surgery to lose weight eventually regain the weight that they have lost. Even though surgery can be performed, diet and exercise are still the keys to weight loss.

When assessing treatment skins fold measurements maybe taken to assess body composition. Doctors may also want to perform blood studies to test endocrine function. For most cases when there is a serious condition, like pancreatic cancer, linking to the obesity, a doctor may recommend walking or hiking about 2 hours a week. This can considerably reduce the risk of this usually fatal disease. Overweight and obese people who exercise moderately were much less likely to develop pancreatic cancer than those who do not.

To help prevent an increase in weight, people should avoid: drugs that claim to aid in weight loss, excess alcohol, and frustration. Also depression, stress, boredom, and poor eating habits should be avoided as well. Overall anyone can avoid obesity by eating a healthy diet and exercising as often as possible.

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