While there can be debates over the influence of the intellectual and personal predisposition towards excellence in the particular professional area, it is possible to conclude that both factors are equal. Intellectual sphere refers to the cognitive and professional skills too often to ignore it. Personality traits are impossible to separate from the career path a person chooses as well. The factors can result in different career attitude. Some of the intellectual skills can be advantageous and disadvantageous for various career fields at the same time. Personality traits can be too specific to consider and still be the key ones to allow people succeed despite various obstacles and challenges. While intellectual skills allow to perform well with some tasks, personality allows the person to find motivation to complete them. Numerous psychological and cognitive theories prove that intellectual and personality traits influence career success at the same level.
Intelligence can explain the career success of the particular individuals thanks to their personal predispositions which are studied by psychologists. For example, a theory of multiple intelligences can drive attention towards different aspect of the intellectual activity. There are eight key categories which can be identified with the personalities easily by their names including visual-spatial, linguistic-verbal, interpersonal, intrapersonal, logical-mathematical, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, and naturalistic (Cherry, 2019a). People can have more chances to develop the needed professional skills if they start exploring their potential which relates to their dominant intelligences. It is easy to agree that people with a strong visual strength can achieve more results in the designing area, which can be relevant towards such significant areas as architecture, painting, and others (Northern Illinois University, Faculty Development and Instructional Design Center Editors, 1). To touch the heart of the musical admirers, the musician has to have an outstanding musical intelligence to perform something fresh and musically harmonic at the same time. The mathematical professional sphere demands a particular mindset too. Some people do not require multiple technical support to complete mathematical tasks. Moreover, they can be the only ones who can develop mathematical systems for others as long as they can explain it with simple words.
There is also a theory which describes the impact of the potential fluid and crystallized intelligences. People with a highly developed fluid intelligence are more encouraged with reasoning. They can construct their point of view properly and provide it to others. Their arguments are based on the logic links (Cherry, 2019b). They are also open for the new information which turns them into the life-long learners. These traits can be essential for the scientific sphere which demands the specialists who are ready to upgrade their knowledge base all the time. Learning is a professional trait too. Some people are not ready to combine learning with a career path because they expect their education to be a starting platform for their professional rise. People with an accentuated crystallized intelligence respect studying. They note their experience down as a guideline for further career development. The facts they gather to operate with in the professional terms can increase in correlation with their age. They accumulate their knowledge and skills which happens with time. It is a useful intelligence for the humanitarian sphere because it relies on the ability to collect experiences. It does not relate to the logical argumentations that much (Vinney, 2019). Both intelligences help to tell scientifically-oriented specialists and humanitarian specialists apart, which can result in their different attribute in the related professional spheres.
The cognitive-ability tests can help to identify the influence of the cognitive development on the career success too. For example, the are multiple cognitive skills which can be used in different professional areas. However, they depend on the brain structure and are defined with an intellect given at birth. People can have different IQ too. The cognitive development can be a condition of the high IQ as well. These tests can help to let people check their weak and strong areas which depend on their mindset and unconscious attentiveness to specific factors. Cognitive functions work as body parts (Bertua, Anderson, & Salgado, 2005). Cognitive skills are the same among people. All of them are crucial for the healthy activity throughout life. However, some of them can hold a unique amount of tasks with a high complexity level. The same thing happens with the trained muscles, or with powerful body parts, such as legs which can allow running fast, or hands, which can allow picking up heavy items. Tests are used to measure this sphere (Mellet, 2019). The particular testings are used as a part of the job interviews because they allow to check people’s preparedness to deal with appointed professional tasks and challenges.
On the other hand, the emotional intelligence can be a factor which lowers intellectual influence on the career progress. Emotional intelligence can be combined with the above-mentioned intelligences in the art or humanitarian sphere. Nevertheless, emotional intelligence depends on the social structure in the individual’s environment. It can deal with the working place and private life at the same time. Emotional intelligence depends on the cultural education and gained experience. It can be improved with time and have a crucial impact on the career situation. Emotional intelligence requires people to be ready to communicate with others by judging their psychological traits. Emotional intelligence can be a helpful addition to the intellectual skills. However, it will not be able to lead the person to the complicated career achievements without the demanded intellectual skills. It can help people to deal with different types of people and to remain positive and goal-oriented in the difficult situations. It can also allow the professional to motivate and lead others. But there is nowhere to lead the team until its leaders is skilled at the basic level. The theory of any professional field requires intelligent skills. People can not rely on the emotional intellect in the first place as long as it can serve only as a secondary factor.
It is essential to underline the impact of the personality traits on the career success too. Personality traits allow forming the core of the psychological structure of the professional individual. It serves as a generator of the career goals . For example, the Big Five personality traits can be the reason of the achievements or failures with different types of jobs. They include openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism (Cherry, 2019c). Openness can be crucial for teachers who have to express positive vibes towards their pupils. It ensures the trustworthy relations in the class and psychological comfort as well neuroticism can be a threat to it because of emotional negativity. People with neuroticism can have difficulties with handling the tasks which cause psychological pressure. Extraversion is a need for the specialists in public sphere and agreeableness can become an obstacle for the firm leadership in the structures with strict authority hierarchy. When these traits relate to the demands of the particular career, they make the professional routine easier to accept for the individual. And, vice versa, the conflicting combination of the personality traits can lower the chances to adjust to to the professional environment.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs can explain the different levels of motivation of the team members. Some career fields require people with particular motivation which will enable them to overcome the career challenges (Hopper, 2019). There are various needs which can dominate over each other, including psychological well-being, love, safety, self-actualization, and esteem (Kelly, 2014). People with a low self-esteem will be less psychologically sustainable in front of criticism. However, people with a self-actualization in priority can handle it easier because they strive for the perfecting of their skills. Love and esteem can be the major factors which will unite the team. Some careers are more individually-oriented which can make the same category of people suffer from the lack of heart-warming working relations in the working environment. Managers can orient towards the satisfaction of the most valued needs among their subordinates. However, people still can take a wrong career path themselves if they pick up a profession which cannot respond to their values. They will not achieve happiness even with the help of the other material factors (Burton, 2012). The income cannot replace healthy relations, fame, trust, and other moral benefits of the concrete categories of the job positions or career fields.
Jungian personality types can be an additional argument towards the significance of cognitive functions. There are eight cognitive functions which allow people to operate with the particular informational segments. These functions are – extroverted and introverted intuition, extroverted and introverted thinking, extroverted and introverted sensing, and extroverted and introverted feeling. All of them can boost someone’s skills in the material environment which requires powerful Sensing, such as cooking or military sphere. Intuition can be necessary for the analytical specialists who have to predict the development of the particular events and plans. Thinking can help people to concentrate on the knowledge development as well as Feeling can enable them to emphasize their empathic skills. The inability to combine cognitive functions with the requirements of the professional sphere can lead to the failures as well. For example, if the person relies on the developed Intuition and Feeling more than on the required Thinking and Sensing, it can result in the inappropriate career routine and goals. Hitler is one of the examples when a person with an idealist type of vision has entered the military sphere and destroyed its immunity in Germany. He could not estimate the political situation well. Although it is difficult to combine personality type and career perfectly, it can help to choose a proper direction.
On the other hand, it is significant to estimate the impact of the personality traits adequately. People can still release their talents in different career skills. It is not appropriate to judge someone’s chances to excel in the career field if their personality traits do not for the stereotypical ideal for the appointed career position. For example, mathematicians can still be artistic, even though they make an accent on their scientific interests. The show-business can consist of the numerous professionals who can be involved with analytics, medicine, law. People combine too many traits to demand them having only some of them if they want to reach success in the chosen career field (Cherry, 2019d). Personality depends on the religious and ethnic traditions which are impossible to consider as professional factors too. Tryng to take someone’s ethnic spcifics or religious traits ino the accunt during the job interview can be accepted as discrimination. Gender can influence personality and still be not allowed to judge by. Personality is a too deep question to try seizing it with professional terms in various ways (Cherry, 2019e). People have to believe in their talents and skills without emphasizing their personality advantages or disadvantages too much.
In conclusion, both intellectual and personality traits influence career potential. Intelligence is an irreplaceable factor which can be identified under different angles. The Theory of Multiple Intelligences proves that people cannot have the same predisposition towards all of the types of physical and intellectual tasks. Some jobs are more scientifically oriented while some are strictly humanitarian. It can relate to the theory about fluid and crystallized intelligence too. It is advantageous to consider personality traits as well. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs can help to predict a person’s ability to fight against the obstacles in the particular career field if it can satisfy his or her prioritized needs. The Big Five personality traits can make the career path easier and complicate it at the same time. Jungian typology can remind of the significance of the cognitive sphere and stand out as a combination of the influential intellectual and personality traits. It is not beneficial to ignore someone’s intellectual or personal predisposition while analyzing the professional potential of the person. Both these aspects can play a crucial role for the career development in people’s life.Free essay samples and research paper examples available online are plagiarized. They cannot be used as your own paper, even a part of it. You can order a high-quality custom essay on your topic from expert writers:
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